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Part of the List of dharma_terms from the buddhist_ayurveda Course (skt220 ) on sanskrit_terms of ayurveda and dharma


= Shakyamuni Buddha =

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shakyamuni (buddha)*

The present buddha of the historical era. According to most, he lived around the 6th_century BC. Some traditions place him considerably earlier. His personal name was siddhartha, his family name was gautama. Upon becoming a buddha he took the name shakyamuni.

shakya [was] the name of the buddha's clan. . . . muni was the buddha's personal name. It means 'still and quiet' (ji mwo). 'Still and unmoving, he is silent.' No words from the mouth, no thoughts from the mind – that is an inconceivable state. The buddha speaks dharma without speaking; he speaks and yet does not speak, does not speak and yet he speaks. This is still and silent, still, still, silent and unmoving, yet responding in accord; responding in accord and yet always, always silent and still. This is the meaning of the buddha's personal name, muni. All buddhas have the title buddha in common, but only this buddha has the special name shakyamuni.” (as 8)

“Why did shakyamuni buddha come into the world? Because he saw that all living_beings are covered with too much selfishness. He wanted to make it clear to all of us that we shouldn't be so egocentric and only know of ourselves and not know that other people also exist. From selfishness people give rise to strife and kill and mutilate one another. shakyamuni buddha saw this situation as something very pathetic]]; therefore, he came into the world. . . .” (edr VII Ch XLVII 1)

The Life of the Buddha Shakyamuni

The only buddha to appear in the world in the so-called historical period is the buddha shakyamuni. He was born the eldest son of the ruler of a small city state on the border of what is now northern india and nepal. As a young adult he was struck by the meaninglessness of his life and was moved to give up the kingdom to which he was heir, his parents, wife and young son, and the wealth, pleasures and prerogatives of his position.

As a wandering mendicant he went out into the great forests of northern india in search of a sage to teach him the transcendent path to reality. In succession he studied with the two greatest meditation teachers of his time and reached those states of cosmic consciousness which they considered true liberation. After rejecting their ultimacy, he went off to seek his own path.

first he went to the himalayas where he meditated for six years while practicing the extreme asceticism of eating only a single grain of rice and a single sesame seed each day.

Because I ate so little, all my limbs became like the knotted joints of withered creepers; because I ate so little, my buttocks became like a bullock's hoof; because I ate so little, my protruding backbone became like a string of balls; because I ate so little, my gaunt ribs became like the crazy rafters of a tumble-down shed; because I ate so little, the pupils of my eyes appeared lying low and deep in their sockets as sparkles of water in a deep well appear lying low and deep. . . . But I, even by this procedure, by this course, by this mortification, did not reach the states of further-men or the excellent knowledge and insight befitting the aryans (i.e., those who are truly noble and holy). . . . (Further Dialogues of the buddha I, p. 56)

Rejecting such extreme asceticism, the buddha-to-be made his way down from the mountains, slowly nursed himself back to health, and found an auspicious spot to continue his meditational quest inward. He vowed not to leave that spot, located under a large tree later known as the bodhi_tree, until he reached his goal. forty-nine days later, during the second half of the night, he saw a star in the night sky and his last thin strand of attachment was rent asunder. At that moment he became a buddha, a fully and perfectly enlightened_one.

After remaining seated meditating under the tree for a period of time, he decided to follow that path (marga) of those buddhas who had gone before him and go forth into the world to teach living_beings the way to buddhahood. For forty-nine years he traveled widely in india, together with a great gathering of disciples (sangha), teaching all those who sincerely requested instruction. At the end of that period his body died and he was said to have entered nirvana, but for the buddha at that moment nothing at all really changed.

That is a very brief summary of the important events of the life of the buddha shakyamuni. Yet his quest for buddhahood did not begin with a young prince named siddhartha gautama. The life in which he realized buddhahood was the culmination of a decision (see bodhichitta) and vows that he made countless lifetimes previously and of intense personal cultivation in each and every lifetime all the way up to that final one over two millennia ago.


1) chinese: shr jya mou ni fwo, pinyin: shi_jia_mou_ni_fo, 2) sanskrit: shakyamuni, 3) pali —–.

see_also: buddha.

btts_references: sm VI]] in press; dfs Ch7 ; dfs Ch20 ; dfs Ch2 319; edr VII 111; as 8;


buddhasmall.jpg_frame_buddha_shakyamuni Buddha Shakyamuni (Skt. Śākyamuni; Tib. སངས་རྒྱས་ཤཱཀྱ་ཐུབ་པ་, wyl sangs_rgyas_shakya_thub_pa) — the Indian prince gautama_siddhartha, who reached enlightenment (and thus became a buddha) in the sixth century B.C., and who taught the spiritual path followed by millions all over the world, known today as Buddhism.

Dates

Dates for the parinirvana according to:

  • 2420 B.C.E. the Pandita Suresamati
  • 2150 B.C.E. the rGya-bod-yig-tshang
  • 2146 B.C.E. Üpa Losal
  • 2136 B.C.E. atisha
  • 2133 B.C.E. sakya_pandita
  • 949 B.C.E. The Blue Annals refering to a Chinese tradition from Fo-lin and accepted by the Japanese schools: Jodo, Jodo-Shinshu and Nichirenshu
  • 881 B.C.E. Pakpa Lhundrup (followed by Buton and dudjom_rinpoche)
  • 876 B.C.E. Buton based on the kalachakra tantra
  • 835 B.C.E. Jonangpa school scholars
  • 750 B.C.E. Tshalpa Kunga Dorje, based on the history of the Sandalwood Buddha
  • 718 B.C.E. kamalashila
  • 651 B.C.E. Orgyenpa
  • 544/543 B.C.E. Shakyashri, last abbot of vikramashila
  • 544 B.C.E. Theravadin tradition
  • 489 B.C.E. based on the reign of Ashoka being 100 years after the parinivana
  • 486 B.C.E. “dotted record” which came to China through Samghabhadra
  • 483 B.C.E. some modern scholars (an adjustment to the “dotted record”)
  • 386/383 B.C.E. modern Japanese scholars
  • 371 B.C.E. based on the reign of Ashoka being 218 years after the parinivana

Disciples

Further Reading

Oral Teachings

Fair Use Bibliographic Sources

fair_use: Primary fair_use Compilation Source: ron_epstein, Ph.D, compiler, buddhism_a_to_z, Burlingame, california, buddhist_text_translation_society, 2003, p. isbn_0881393533 Paperback: 284 pages. http://www.BTTSOnline.org www.Amazon.com http://www.bttsonline.org/product.aspx?pid=118 http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0881393533/ref=ase_medicinebuddh-20 and many other sources (see bibliography).

Primary Original Source: The tripitaka of sutra, shastra and vinaya dharma teachings (as found in the scripture storehouse of the indian sanskrit- siddham, chinese, tibetan and japanese traditions of the nalanda_tradition of ancient nalanda_university) of shakyamuni_buddha, and his arya sagely bodhisattva bhikshu monk and upasaka disciples.

These good_and_wise_advisors (kaliyanamitra) dharma_master teachers include arya venerables om_tare_tuttare_ture om_ah_hum and namo to jivaka, charaka, lao_zi - mahakashapa, ashwagosha, shantideva - hui_neng - shen_kai sheng_ren_shr, bodhidharma, the 16 nalanda_acharyas 1. nagarjuna-manjushri, 2. arydeva, 3. buddhapalita, 4. bhavaviveka, 5. chandrakirti and chandragomin, 6. shantideva, 7. shantarakshita, 8. kamalashila, 9. asanga-maitreya, 10. vasubhandu, 11. dignaga, 12. dharmakirti, 13. vimuktisena, 14. haribhadra, 15. gunaprabha, 16. shakyaprabha; dharmarakshita, atisha, tsong_khapa, thogme_zangpo, nyingma padmasambhava, yeshe_tsogyel, machig_lapdron, tilopa, naropa, milarepa, sakya_pandita, kumarajiva, xuan_zang, baozhi, hui_yuan, daosheng, changzhi, fazang, han_shan, shi_de, yunmen, nichiren, honen, shinran, kukai, dogen, hakuin, jamgon_kongtrul, nyingma penor_rinpoche, bakula_rinpoche, dagri_rinpoche, kirti_tsenshab_rinpoche, geshe_lama_kongchog, longchen_rapjampa - gosok_rinpoche, phabongkha_rinpoche, patrul_rinpoche, tenzin_gyatso the dalai_lama, sakya_trizin, hsu_yun, hsuan_hua, lama_zopa_rinpoche, choden_rinpoche, garchen_rinpoche, karmapa, mingyur_rinpoche, geshe_ngwang_dakpa, geshe_sopa_rinpoche, seung_sahn, thich_nhat_hanh, ajahn_chah, ajahn_sumedho, s._n._goenka, mama_ayur_punya_jyana_pushtim_kuriye_svaha, making offerings and b_bowing at your feet I make requests. Please bestow on me the two_attainments of maha punya and maha prajna_paramita. And om_ah_hum thanks to other modern_day_masters. We consider them to be in accord with tripitaka_master hsuan_hua’s “seven_guidelines_for_recognizing_genuine_teachers

nalanda_online_university's teachings are based especially on the following buddhist_scriptures: lama tsong_khapa's lam_rim, the Dharma Flower lotus_sutra, the avatamsaka_sutra, the shurangama_sutra, the ksitigarbha_sutra, the bhaisajya_guru_sutra, the dharani_sutra, the vajra_sutra, the prajna_paramita Hridayam heart_sutra, the vimalakirti_sutra, the sanghata_sutra, the sutra_of_golden_light, the srimala_devi_sutra, the sutra_in_42_sections, the mahaparinirvana_sutra, the hui_neng_sutra, vasubandhu's shastra_on_the_door_to_understanding_the_hundred_dharmas, Maitreya's ornament_for_clear_realizations (abhisamayalamkara), chandrakirti's supplement_to_nagarjuna_s_treatise_on_the_middle_way (madhyamakavatara), vasubandhu's treasury_of_manifest_knowledge (abhidharmakosha) and the tantras and mantras of the vajrayana the 42_hands_and_eyes, guhyasamaja, the kalachakra, the vajrayogini, the heruka, the chakrasamvara, the chod, the hayagriva, the hevajra, the yamantaka, the kalarupa, the manjushri_nama_samgiti, the vajrakilaya, the vajrapani, the vajra_claws_dakini, the mahakala, the tara, the white_umbrella_goddess (she_dan_do_bo_da_la), kirti_losang_trinle's grounds_and_paths_of_secret_mantra, and aku_sherab_gyatso's the_two_stages_of_the_guhyasamaja_tantra and their commentaries (shastras) by the above Arya tripitakacharya dharma_masters. Making offerings and bowing at your feet I make requests. Please bestow on me the two_attainments of maha punya and maha prajna_paramita.

Secondary fair_use Compilation Source: The seeker_s_glossary_of_buddhism, 2nd ed., San Francisco, California: Sutra Translation Committee of the United States and Canada, 1998: http://www.budaedu.org.tw

Secondary fair_use Compilation Source: Muller, Charles, editor, digital_dictionary_of_buddhism [DDB], Toyo Gakuen University, Japan, 2007: Username is “guest”, with no password. http://buddhism-dict.net/ddb - Based in large part on the dictionary_of_chinese_buddhist_terms with Sanskrit and English Equivalents (by soothill and Hodous) Delhi, India: motilal_banarsidass, 1997.

Secondary fair_use Compilation Source: Ehrhard, Diener, Fischer, et al, The shambhala_dictionary_of_buddhism_and_zen, Boston, Massachusetts: shambhala_publications, 1991. 296 pages. ISBN 978-0-87773-520-5 http://www.Shambhala.com, http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0877735204/ref=ase_medicinebuddh-20, http://www.shambhala.com/html/catalog/items/isbn/978-0-87773-520-5.cfm Secondary fair_use Compilation Source: vaidya vasant_lad, textbook_of_ayurveda, ayurvedic_press, 2002; vasant_lad, bams, masc, ayurvedic_institute_gurukula_notes, ayurvedic_institute, 1994-2006;


NOTE: Numerous corrections and enhancements have been made under shastra_tradition and “fair_use” by an anonymous buddhist_monk redactor (Compiler) of this Online buddhist_encyclopedia Compilation)



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