The present Buddha of the historical era. According to most, he lived around the 6th Century BC. Some traditions place him considerably earlier. His personal name was Siddhartha, his family name was Gautama. Upon becoming a Buddha he took the name Shakyamuni.
“Shakya [was] the name of the Buddha's clan. . . . Muni was the Buddha's personal name. It means 'still and quiet' (ji mwo). 'Still and Unmoving, he is silent.' No words from the mouth, no thoughts from the mind – that is an inconceivable state. The Buddha speaks Dharma without speaking; he speaks and yet does not speak, does not speak and yet he speaks. This is still and silent, still, still, silent and Unmoving, yet responding in accord; responding in accord and yet always, always silent and still. This is the meaning of the Buddha's personal name, Muni. All Buddhas have the title Buddha in common, but only this Buddha has the special name Shakyamuni.” (AS 8)
“Why did Shakyamuni Buddha come into the world? Because he saw that all living beings are covered with too much selfishness. He wanted to make it clear to all of us that we shouldn't be so egocentric and only know of ourselves and not know that other people also exist. From selfishness people give rise to strife and kill and mutilate one another. Shakyamuni Buddha saw this situation as something very pathetic]]; therefore, he came into the world. . . .” (EDR VII Ch XLVII 1)
The only Buddha to appear in the world in the so-called historical period is the Buddha Shakyamuni. He was born the eldest son of the ruler of a small city state on the border of what is now northern India and Nepal. As a young adult he was struck by the meaninglessness of his life and was moved to give up the Kingdom to which he was heir, his parents, wife and young son, and the wealth, pleasures and prerogatives of his position.
As a wandering mendicant he went out into the great forests of northern India in search of a Sage to teach him the transcendent path to reality. In succession he studied with the two greatest meditation Teachers of his time and reached those states of cosmic consciousness which they considered true liberation. After rejecting their ultimacy, he went off to seek his own path.
Because I ate so little, all my limbs became like the knotted joints of withered creepers; because I ate so little, my buttocks became like a bullock's hoof; because I ate so little, my protruding backbone became like a string of balls; because I ate so little, my gaunt ribs became like the crazy rafters of a tumble-down shed; because I ate so little, the pupils of my eyes appeared lying low and deep in their sockets as sparkles of water in a deep well appear lying low and deep. . . . But I, even by this procedure, by this course, by this mortification, did not reach the states of further-men or the excellent knowledge and insight befitting the Aryans (i.e., those who are truly noble and Holy). . . . (Further Dialogues of the Buddha I, p. 56)
Rejecting such extreme asceticism, the Buddha-to-be made his way down from the mountains, slowly nursed himself back to health, and found an auspicious spot to continue his meditational quest inward. He vowed not to leave that spot, located under a large tree later known as the Bodhi Tree, until he reached his goal. Forty-nine days later, during the second half of the night, he saw a star in the night sky and his last thin strand of attachment was rent asunder. At that moment he became a Buddha, a fully and perfectly Enlightened One.
After remaining seated meditating under the tree for a period of time, he decided to follow that Path (Marga) of those Buddhas who had Gone before him and go forth into the world to teach living beings the way to Buddhahood. For forty-nine years he traveled widely in India, together with a Great gathering of disciples (Sangha), teaching all those who sincerely requested instruction. At the end of that period his body died and he was said to have entered Nirvana, but for the Buddha at that moment nothing at all really changed.
That is a very brief summary of the important events of the life of the Buddha Shakyamuni. Yet his quest for Buddhahood did not begin with a young Prince named Siddhartha Gautama. The life in which he realized Buddhahood was the culmination of a decision (see Bodhichitta) and vows that he made countless lifetimes previously and of intense personal cultivation in each and every lifetime all the way up to that final one over two millennia ago.
**Buddha Shakyamuni** (Skt. //Śākyamuni//; Tib. སངས་རྒྱས་ཤཱཀྱ་ཐུབ་པ་, Wyl. //sangs rgyas shAkya thub pa//) — the Indian prince Gautama Siddhartha, who reached enlightenment (and thus became a Buddha) in the sixth century B.C., and who taught the spiritual path followed by millions all over the world, known today as Buddhism.
Dates for the Parinirvana according to:
* 2420 B.C.E. the Pandita Suresamati * 2150 B.C.E. the rGya-bod-yig-tshang * 2146 B.C.E. Üpa Losal * 2136 B.C.E. [[Atisha]] * 2133 B.C.E. [[Sakya Pandita]] * 949 B.C.E. The Blue Annals refering to a Chinese tradition from Fo-lin and accepted by the Japanese schools: Jodo, Jodo-Shinshu and Nichirenshu * 881 B.C.E. Pakpa Lhundrup (followed by Buton and [[Dudjom Rinpoche]]) * 876 B.C.E. Buton based on the [[Kalachakra]] tantra * 835 B.C.E. Jonangpa school scholars * 750 B.C.E. Tshalpa Kunga Dorje, based on the history of the Sandalwood Buddha * 718 B.C.E. [[Kamalashila]] * 651 B.C.E. Orgyenpa * 544/543 B.C.E. Shakyashri, last abbot of [[Vikramashila]] * 544 B.C.E. Theravadin tradition * 489 B.C.E. based on the reign of Ashoka being 100 years after the parinivana * 486 B.C.E. "dotted record" which came to China through Samghabhadra * 483 B.C.E. some modern scholars (an adjustment to the "dotted record") * 386/383 B.C.E. modern Japanese scholars * 371 B.C.E. based on the reign of Ashoka being 218 years after the parinivana
* [[:Category:Buddha Shakyamuni's Disciples|Buddha Shakyamuni's Disciples]]
* [[Ashvaghosha]], //[[Buddhacharita]]// (one of the most famous and inspiring accounts of Buddha's life) * [[Dzongsar Jamyang Khyentse]], //What Makes You Not a Buddhist// (Boston & London: Shambhala, 2007) * [[Thich Nhat Hanh]], //Old Path White Clouds// (Berkeley: Parallax Press, 1991) * [[Tulku Thondup]], //Masters of Meditation and Miracles//, edited by Harold Talbott (Boston: Shambhala, 1999), 'Shākyamuni Buddha'.
* [[Dzogchen Rinpoche]], //Buddha’s Life and Path of Liberation//, [[Lerab Ling]], 6-7 June 1998
* [[Mantra of Buddha Shakyamuni]] * [[Twelve deeds]] * [[Two images of Buddha Shakyamuni]]
* [[http://www.lotsawahouse.org/treasury_blessings.html|The Treasury of Blessings: A Practice of Buddha Shakyamuni by Mipham Rinpoche]] * [[http://www.himalayanart.org/pages/shakyamuni/index.html|Shakyamuni Buddha Outline page at Himalayan Art]] * [[http://www.berzinarchives.com/web/en/archives/approaching_buddhism/teachers/lineage_masters/who_was_shakyamuni_buddha/transcript.html|'Who Was Shakyamuni Buddha?' by Alexander Berzin]] * [[http://www.berzinarchives.com/web/en/archives/approaching_buddhism/teachers/lineage_masters/life_buddha_pali_canon.html|'The Life of the Buddha As Pieced Together from the Pali Canon' by Alexander Berzin]]
Fair Use: Primary Fair Use Compilation Source: Ron Epstein, Ph.D, compiler, Buddhism A to Z, Burlingame, California, Buddhist Text Translation Society, 2003, p. ISBN 0881393533 Paperback: 284 pages. http://www.BTTSOnline.org www.Amazon.com http://www.bttsonline.org/product.aspx?pid=118 http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0881393533/ref=ase_medicinebuddh-20 and many other sources (see Bibliography).
Primary Original Source: The Tripitaka of Sutra, Shastra and Vinaya Dharma teachings (as found in the scripture storehouse of the Indian Sanskrit- Siddham, Chinese, Tibetan and Japanese traditions of the Nalanda Tradition of ancient Nalanda University) of Shakyamuni Buddha, and his Arya Sagely Bodhisattva Bhikshu Monk and Upasaka disciples.
These Good and Wise Advisors (Kaliyanamitra) Dharma Master teachers include Arya Venerables Om Tare Tuttare Ture Om Ah Hum and Namo to Jivaka, Charaka, Lao Zi - Mahakashapa, Ashwagosha, Shantideva - Hui Neng - Shen Kai Sheng Ren Shr, Bodhidharma, the 16 Nalanda Acharyas 1. Nagarjuna-Manjushri, 2. Arydeva, 3. Buddhapalita, 4. Bhavaviveka, 5. Chandrakirti and Chandragomin, 6. Shantideva, 7. Shantarakshita, 8. Kamalashila, 9. Asanga-Maitreya, 10. Vasubhandu, 11. Dignaga, 12. Dharmakirti, 13. Vimuktisena, 14. Haribhadra, 15. Gunaprabha, 16. Shakyaprabha; Dharmarakshita, Atisha, Tsong Khapa, Thogme Zangpo, Nyingma Padmasambhava, Yeshe Tsogyel, Machig Lapdron, Tilopa, Naropa, Milarepa, Sakya Pandita, Kumarajiva, Xuan Zang, Baozhi, Hui Yuan, Daosheng, Changzhi, Fazang, Han Shan, Shi De, Yunmen, Nichiren, Honen, Shinran, Kukai, Dogen, Hakuin, Jamgon Kongtrul, Nyingma Penor Rinpoche, Bakula Rinpoche, Dagri Rinpoche, Kirti Tsenshab Rinpoche, Geshe Lama Kongchog, Longchen Rapjampa - Gosok Rinpoche, Phabongkha Rinpoche, Patrul Rinpoche, Tenzin Gyatso the Dalai Lama, Sakya Trizin, Hsu Yun, Hsuan Hua, Lama Zopa Rinpoche, Choden Rinpoche, Garchen Rinpoche, Karmapa, Mingyur Rinpoche, Geshe Ngwang Dakpa, Geshe Sopa Rinpoche, Seung Sahn, Thich Nhat Hanh, Ajahn Chah, Ajahn Sumedho, S. N. Goenka, Mama Ayur Punya Jyana Pushtim Kuriye Svaha, making offerings and b [[bowing at your feet I make requests. Please bestow on me the two attainments of Maha Punya and Maha Prajna Paramita. And Om Ah Hum thanks to other modern day masters. We consider them to be in accord with Tripitaka Master Hsuan Hua’s “Seven Guidelines for Recognizing Genuine Teachers”
Nalanda Online University's teachings are based especially on the following Buddhist Scriptures: Lama Tsong Khapa's Lam Rim, the Dharma Flower Lotus Sutra, the Avatamsaka Sutra, the Shurangama Sutra, the Ksitigarbha Sutra, the Bhaisajya Guru Sutra, the Dharani Sutra, the Vajra Sutra, the Prajna Paramita Hridayam Heart Sutra, the Vimalakirti Sutra, the Sanghata Sutra, the Sutra of Golden Light, the Srimala Devi Sutra, the Sutra in 42 Sections, the Mahaparinirvana Sutra, the Hui Neng Sutra, Vasubandhu's Shastra on the Door to Understanding the Hundred Dharmas, Maitreya's Ornament for Clear Realizations (Abhisamayalamkara), Chandrakirti's Supplement to Nagarjuna’s Treatise on the Middle Way (Madhyamakavatara), Vasubandhu's Treasury of Manifest Knowledge (Abhidharmakosha) and the Tantras and Mantras of the Vajrayana the 42 Hands and Eyes, Guhyasamaja, the Kalachakra, the Vajrayogini, the Heruka, the Chakrasamvara, the Chod, the Hayagriva, the Hevajra, the Yamantaka, the Kalarupa, the Manjushri Nama Samgiti, the Vajrakilaya, the Vajrapani, the Vajra Claws Dakini, the Mahakala, the Tara, the White Umbrella Goddess (She Dan Do Bo Da La), Kirti Losang Trinle's Grounds and Paths of Secret Mantra, and Aku Sherab Gyatso's The Two Stages of the Guhyasamaja Tantra and their commentaries (shastras) by the above Arya Tripitakacharya Dharma Masters. Making offerings and bowing at your feet I make requests. Please bestow on me the two attainments of Maha Punya and Maha Prajna Paramita.
Secondary Fair Use Compilation Source: The Seeker’s Glossary of Buddhism, 2nd ed., San Francisco, California: Sutra Translation Committee of the United States and Canada, 1998: http://www.budaedu.org.tw
Secondary Fair Use Compilation Source: Muller, Charles, editor, Digital Dictionary of Buddhism [DDB], Toyo Gakuen University, Japan, 2007: Username is “guest”, with no password. http://buddhism-dict.net/ddb - Based in large part on the Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms with Sanskrit and English Equivalents (by Soothill and Hodous) Delhi, India: Motilal Banarsidass, 1997.
Secondary Fair Use Compilation Source: Ehrhard, Diener, Fischer, et al, The Shambhala Dictionary of Buddhism and Zen, Boston, Massachusetts: Shambhala Publications, 1991. 296 pages. ISBN 978-0-87773-520-5 http://www.Shambhala.com, http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0877735204/ref=ase_medicinebuddh-20, http://www.shambhala.com/html/catalog/items/isbn/978-0-87773-520-5.cfm Secondary Fair Use Compilation Source: Vaidya Vasant Lad, Textbook of Ayurveda, Ayurvedic Press, 2002; Vasant Lad, BAMS, MAsc, Ayurvedic Institute Gurukula Notes, Ayurvedic Institute, 1994-2006;
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