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Part of the List of dharma_terms from the buddhist_ayurveda Course (skt220 ) on sanskrit_terms of ayurveda and dharma


= Five Moral Precepts =

five_moral_precepts

The five_moral_precepts are prohibitions against 1) killing, 2) stealing, 3) sexual_misconduct, 4) false_speech, and 5) taking intoxicants (alcohol, recreational_drugs, cigarettes).

“The five_precepts prohibit killing, stealing, sexual_misconduct, lying, and taking intoxicants (alcohol, recreational_drugs, cigarettes). Why should one keep the five_precepts? In order to:

Do no evil, yet reverently practice good_deeds.

Do not kill; do not steal; do not commit sexual_misconduct; do not engage in false_speech; do not take intoxicants (alcohol, recreational_drugs, cigarettes). If you observe the five_precepts, you do not do these five kinds of evil_deeds and you instead practice good acts.

1. No Killing

“Why should one refrain from killing? It is because all living_beings have a life; they love their life and do not wish to die. Even one of the smallest creatures, the mosquito, when it approaches to bite you, will fly away if you make the slightest motion. Why does it fly away? Because it fears death. It figures that if it drinks your blood you will take its life. From this you can see that all living_beings love life and do not wish to die. Especially people. Everyone wants to live and no one wants to die. Although people sometimes commit suicide, ordinarily people do not seek death. suicide is a special exception to the principle. That is why we should nurture compassionate thought. Since we wish to live, we should not kill any other living_beings. That explains the precept against killing.

Thus, for many buddhists the precept against killing implies to be vegetarian. (See shurangama_sutra_on_vegetarianism)

2. No Stealing

stealing. If you don't steal, no one will steal from you. Many of you have heard this verse I wrote:

If in this life you don't cage birds,

in future_lives you will not sit in jail.

If in this life you do not fish,

in future_lives you will not beg for food.

If in this life you do not kill,

in future_lives you'll suffer no disasters.

If in this life you do not steal,

in future_lives you won't be robbed.

3. No Sexual Misconduct

If in this life you commit no sexual_misconduct,

in future_lives you will not be divorced.

4. No Lying

If in this life you do not lie,

in future_lives you will not be deceived.

If in this life you do not take intoxicants (alcohol, recreational_drugs, cigarettes), in future_lives you will not go insane . . . .

5 . No Intoxicants (No Alcohol, No Recreational Drugs, No Cigarettes)

“Some people say, 'Of the five_precepts, the four which prohibit killing, stealing, sexual_misconduct, and lying are very important. But taking intoxicants (alcohol, recreational_drugs, cigarettes) is a very commonplace thing. Why prohibit that?' When you consume intoxicants (alcohol, recreational_drugs, cigarettes), it becomes very easy to break the other precepts. thus, we ban such things as drinking alcohol, smoking tobacco, and taking any kind of intoxicating drugs.

“Some people say, 'The five_precepts don't specifically prohibit smoking tobacco or taking drugs. Doing those things is not in violation of the precepts.' Those people are wrong. The precept against intoxicants (alcohol, recreational_drugs, cigarettes) also prohibits smoking tobacco, taking drugs, and using all intoxicating substances–including marijuana and opium.” (brf 59-60)

“The five_precepts are extremely important. Strict adherence to them will insure rebirth in the realm of humans. If you cultivate the five_precepts, you won't lose the opportunity to be born a person (see precious_human_rebirth).

“Someone may say, however, 'I understand why one should not kill. After all, all living_beings have the buddha_nature,all can become buddhas, and so every living being's life should be spared. I also understand why stealing is not good and that it is important to refrain from indulging in sexual misconduct and lying, but why are intoxicants (alcohol, recreational_drugs, cigarettes) included within the five precepts? I always enjoyed drinking and smoking. Everybody drinks. Everybody smokes. What's wrong with it? In fact I'm seriously considering dropping my study of the buddha_dharma just because of this prohibition against intoxicants (alcohol, recreational_drugs, cigarettes).'

“You should stop and think about it, instead of just following the crowd. others enjoy smoking, and so you join them; others enjoy drinking, and so you drink too. You get caught up in such company and do the things they do until eventually you get the habit as well. Most people don't have grave illnesses, rather merely slight sicknesses and little problems. But just on account of those slight problems you would consider cutting short your study of the buddha_dharma. How stupid that would be! Do you want to know why there is a prohibition against alcohol? I'll tell you a true story which should clarify this point.

“There once was a man who liked to drink. He took the five_precepts, but afterwards he didn't keep them . . . . One day he thought, 'Perhaps I'll have a little drink of wine' He took out a bottle and had a few swallows. He was accustomed to having something to eat with his drink, so he set the bottle down and went outside to look for something to eat. He noticed that his neighbor's chicken had strayed over into his yard. 'good,' he thought, 'it will make a good chaser,' and he snatched up the pullet. At that point he broke the precept against stealing. Once he'd stolen it, he had to kill it before he could eat it, and so he broke the precept against killing. Once the chicken was cooked, he used it to chase down his wine, and soon he was roaring drunk, thus breaking once again the precept against the use of intoxicants (alcohol, recreational_drugs, cigarettes). About that time there was a knock at his door. It was the neighbor lady in search of her chicken. 'I haven't seen it, he blurted out, thereby breaking the precept against lying.

A second glance at the neighbor lady revealed her beauty to him and, aroused by an overpowering sexual desire (lust), he violated her.

Afterwards he was met with litigation. All that came about because he wanted to drink. Just because he had a few drinks, he broke the other four precepts and got into a lot of trouble. intoxicants (alcohol, recreational_drugs, cigarettes) cause one to become confused and scattered, and so they re the object of one of the buddhist prohibitions. A person who is drunk lacks self-control.

With no forewarning he can find himself suddenly in the heavens, suddenly on earth. He mounts the clouds and drives the fog – he'll do anything . . . .

Precept Protecting Spirits

“If you receive the five_precepts and do not violate them, then you are protected by good dharma-protecting spirits (dharma_protectors), who are connected with each precept. If you break the precepts, the good spirits leave and no longer protect you. That is why receiving the precepts is extremely important in buddhism.” (ss I 46-47)


1) chinese: wu_jie , 2) sanskrit: pancha_shila; 3) pali: pancha-sila, sikkhapada; Alternate translations: five Items of good behavior, individual_liberation_vows

see_also: moral_precepts, ten_good_deeds.

btts_references: brf 59-61; dfs II 211; dfs V 902-3; s42 75-76 (precepts); tt 58; sv 14-29; bns I 73-97; fas Ch26(2) 4, 10,17,20, 25-26, 28.


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Fair Use Bibliographic Sources

fair_use: Primary fair_use Compilation Source: ron_epstein, Ph.D, compiler, buddhism_a_to_z, Burlingame, california, buddhist_text_translation_society, 2003, p. isbn_0881393533 Paperback: 284 pages. http://www.BTTSOnline.org www.Amazon.com http://www.bttsonline.org/product.aspx?pid=118 http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0881393533/ref=ase_medicinebuddh-20 and many other sources (see bibliography).

Primary Original Source: The tripitaka of sutra, shastra and vinaya dharma teachings (as found in the scripture storehouse of the indian sanskrit- siddham, chinese, tibetan and japanese traditions of the nalanda_tradition of ancient nalanda_university) of shakyamuni_buddha, and his arya sagely bodhisattva bhikshu monk and upasaka disciples.

These good_and_wise_advisors (kaliyanamitra) dharma_master teachers include arya venerables om_tare_tuttare_ture om_ah_hum and namo to jivaka, charaka, lao_zi - mahakashapa, ashwagosha, shantideva - hui_neng - shen_kai sheng_ren_shr, bodhidharma, the 16 nalanda_acharyas 1. nagarjuna-manjushri, 2. arydeva, 3. buddhapalita, 4. bhavaviveka, 5. chandrakirti and chandragomin, 6. shantideva, 7. shantarakshita, 8. kamalashila, 9. asanga-maitreya, 10. vasubhandu, 11. dignaga, 12. dharmakirti, 13. vimuktisena, 14. haribhadra, 15. gunaprabha, 16. shakyaprabha; dharmarakshita, atisha, tsong_khapa, thogme_zangpo, nyingma padmasambhava, yeshe_tsogyel, machig_lapdron, tilopa, naropa, milarepa, sakya_pandita, kumarajiva, xuan_zang, baozhi, hui_yuan, daosheng, changzhi, fazang, han_shan, shi_de, yunmen, nichiren, honen, shinran, kukai, dogen, hakuin, jamgon_kongtrul, nyingma penor_rinpoche, bakula_rinpoche, dagri_rinpoche, kirti_tsenshab_rinpoche, geshe_lama_kongchog, longchen_rapjampa - gosok_rinpoche, phabongkha_rinpoche, patrul_rinpoche, tenzin_gyatso the dalai_lama, sakya_trizin, hsu_yun, hsuan_hua, lama_zopa_rinpoche, choden_rinpoche, garchen_rinpoche, karmapa, mingyur_rinpoche, geshe_ngwang_dakpa, geshe_sopa_rinpoche, seung_sahn, thich_nhat_hanh, ajahn_chah, ajahn_sumedho, s._n._goenka, mama_ayur_punya_jyana_pushtim_kuriye_svaha, making offerings and b_bowing at your feet I make requests. Please bestow on me the two_attainments of maha punya and maha prajna_paramita. And om_ah_hum thanks to other modern_day_masters. We consider them to be in accord with tripitaka_master hsuan_hua’s ”seven_guidelines_for_recognizing_genuine_teachers

nalanda_online_university's teachings are based especially on the following buddhist_scriptures: lama tsong_khapa's lam_rim, the Dharma Flower lotus_sutra, the avatamsaka_sutra, the shurangama_sutra, the ksitigarbha_sutra, the bhaisajya_guru_sutra, the dharani_sutra, the vajra_sutra, the prajna_paramita Hridayam heart_sutra, the vimalakirti_sutra, the sanghata_sutra, the sutra_of_golden_light, the srimala_devi_sutra, the sutra_in_42_sections, the mahaparinirvana_sutra, the hui_neng_sutra, vasubandhu's shastra_on_the_door_to_understanding_the_hundred_dharmas, Maitreya's ornament_for_clear_realizations (abhisamayalamkara), chandrakirti's supplement_to_nagarjuna_s_treatise_on_the_middle_way (madhyamakavatara), vasubandhu's treasury_of_manifest_knowledge (abhidharmakosha) and the tantras and mantras of the vajrayana the 42_hands_and_eyes, guhyasamaja, the kalachakra, the vajrayogini, the heruka, the chakrasamvara, the chod, the hayagriva, the hevajra, the yamantaka, the kalarupa, the manjushri_nama_samgiti, the vajrakilaya, the vajrapani, the vajra_claws_dakini, the mahakala, the tara, the white_umbrella_goddess (she_dan_do_bo_da_la), kirti_losang_trinle's grounds_and_paths_of_secret_mantra, and aku_sherab_gyatso's the_two_stages_of_the_guhyasamaja_tantra and their commentaries (shastras) by the above Arya tripitakacharya dharma_masters. Making offerings and bowing at your feet I make requests. Please bestow on me the two_attainments of maha punya and maha prajna_paramita.

Secondary fair_use Compilation Source: The seeker_s_glossary_of_buddhism, 2nd ed., San Francisco, California: Sutra Translation Committee of the United States and Canada, 1998: http://www.budaedu.org.tw

Secondary fair_use Compilation Source: Muller, Charles, editor, digital_dictionary_of_buddhism [DDB], Toyo Gakuen University, Japan, 2007: Username is “guest”, with no password. http://buddhism-dict.net/ddb - Based in large part on the dictionary_of_chinese_buddhist_terms with Sanskrit and English Equivalents (by soothill and Hodous) Delhi, India: motilal_banarsidass, 1997.

Secondary fair_use Compilation Source: Ehrhard, Diener, Fischer, et al, The shambhala_dictionary_of_buddhism_and_zen, Boston, Massachusetts: shambhala_publications, 1991. 296 pages. ISBN 978-0-87773-520-5 http://www.Shambhala.com, http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0877735204/ref=ase_medicinebuddh-20, http://www.shambhala.com/html/catalog/items/isbn/978-0-87773-520-5.cfm Secondary fair_use Compilation Source: vaidya vasant_lad, textbook_of_ayurveda, ayurvedic_press, 2002; vasant_lad, bams, masc, ayurvedic_institute_gurukula_notes, ayurvedic_institute, 1994-2006;


NOTE: Numerous corrections and enhancements have been made under shastra_tradition and ”fair_use” by an anonymous buddhist_monk redactor (Compiler) of this Online buddhist_encyclopedia Compilation)



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