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Part of the List of dharma_terms from the buddhist_ayurveda Course (skt220 ) on sanskrit_terms of ayurveda and dharma


= Causation =

causation

bodhisattvas are afraid of the cause, not its result;

living_beings are afraid of the result, not its cause.

(rev master hsuan_hua)

Deep is this doctrine of events as rising from causes, and it looks deep too. It is through not understanding this doctrine, through not penetrating it, that this generation has become a tangled skein, a matted ball of thread, like to munja-grass and rushes, unable to overpass the doom of the waste, the Woeful way, the downfall, the Constant Round [of transmigration].

(Dialogues of the buddha II 50)

Basic Teachings about Cause and Effect

“A cause refers to the cause you plant, from which you reap a corresponding result. If you plant a good cause, you will get a good result. And if you plant a bad cause, you will obtain a bad result. . . . You plant a certain cause, myriad conditions assemble, and a certain retribution or result is brought about.” (edr VI 215)

cause_and_effect “is not a matter of belief or disbelief. If you believe in it, there is such a thing as cause_and_effect; if you do not believe in it, cause_and_effect operate just the same. For example, if you go punch someone, you will certainly get hit back. Your initial punch is the cause, and your being beaten in return is the effect . . . . ” (spv 128)

“The cause is the seed. What contributes to its growth are the conditions. planting a seed in the ground is a cause. conditions are the aiding factors which contribute to the growth–soil, water, sunlight, and other such things…” (ss II]] 112)

Causes and Effects Operate Over Many Lifetimes

From causes made in lives gone by comes your present life; results you'll get in lives to come arise from this life's deeds. (as 30)

The Interwoven Net of Karmic Responses of Cause and Effect

“The dharma_realm is not large; a mote of dust is not small. Why? All is one, and one is all. Yet there is something more wonderful, subtle, and difficult to believe than even this: the net-like interweaving of karmic responses and the wheel-like spinning of cause_and_effect.

“For example, the karmic influences between countries are interwoven; the causes and effects of their mutual debts and repayments compel them to ceaseless wars. It becomes difficult to stop the murders and massacres which increase endlessly until the final destruction]] of the countries and the annihilation of all races when everything is eradicated and brought to an end. There is a saying, 'plant good causes, reap good results; plant bad causes, reap bad results.' How true it is!

“There is also this interweaving of karmic influences as well as the causes and effects of mutual debts and repayments between families. When there is kindness, there is harmony]], but when enmity arises there is revenge. The participants do not understand and continue to rail at each other for life. Who awakens from this?

“A sutra text says, 'Even though a hundred thousand kalpas pass, karma which is created does not perish. When causes_and_conditions come together, retribution will still be personally undergone.' In all our actions, how can we possibly not be cautious and attentive, 'as if standing on the edge of a deep abyss, as if treading on thin ice'!” (wm 41 rev)

The Buddha Speaks the Sutra of Cause and Effect in the Three Periods of Time

The buddha gave this advice in The buddha_speaks_the_sutra_of_cause_and_effect in the three Periods of time:

wealth and dignity come from one's destiny

From causes planted in lives in the past.

people who hold to this simple principle

Will reap good fortune in lives in the future.


kind men and women, listen to the causes,

hear and remember this sutra's reminder

Of the causes and effects of karmic deeds

In the past, in the future, and in the present.


cause_and_effect is no small care.

true are my words; don't take them lightly

Sometimes people have plentiful goods,

The reason, in fact, again is quite fair.

In the past these people gave food to the poor.


others don't have food or drink.

Who can guess the reason why?

Before those people were plagued with a fault:

stingy greed made them squeeze every penny.


enjoying blessings and justly prosperous,

Are people who reap a fitting reward.

In times now past they helped build temples

And saw that the sangha had huts and shelters.


Some have long lifespans; why are they lucky?

liberating creatures, they ransomed lives.

Have you seen how many suffer short lifespans?

Their wanton slaughter of beings is why.


Most cows and horses were humans before–

people who didn't settle their debts.

Many former people are now pigs or dogs

Because they injured and cheated others.


In our myriad deeds, whatever we do,

We reap our own rewards, it's true.

Who can we blame for our woe in the hells?

Who can there be to blame but ourselves?


Don't say that cause_and_effect is unseen.

Look at you, your offspring, heirs, and grandchildren.

If you doubt the good of pure eating and giving,

Look around and find those enjoying fortune.

Having practiced of old, they now harvest abundance.

To cultivate now will bring blessings anew.


If you care to know of past_lives' causes,

Look at rewards you are reaping today.

If you wish to find out about future_lives,

You need but notice what you are doing right now.

(fhs I 24-32)

1) chinese: yin yuan , 2) sanskrit: hetu-pratyaya, 3) pali hetu-paccaya , 4) Alternate translations: causes_and_conditions, conditioned cause, causal conditions.

see_also: twelvefold_conditioned_arising (dependent_arising or pratitya_samutpada or twelve_links), karma, rebirth.

btts_references: dfs V 936-9; cl II 27 (=spv Ch. 5); fhs I 22-32 (buddha speaks the sutra on cause_and_effect); brf 52; spv 128-9; edr II 123, 130-1 (nagarjuna); wm 41, 47-49; ss VII]]; tt 33-35, 131 par 1; sm I 95; edr VI 215; fas Ch7 11; fas Ch22–2nd ground; ss II]] 47 (finger pointing at the moon), 112 (par 2); as 30;


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Fair Use Bibliographic Sources

fair_use: Primary fair_use Compilation Source: ron_epstein, Ph.D, compiler, buddhism_a_to_z, Burlingame, california, buddhist_text_translation_society, 2003, p. isbn_0881393533 Paperback: 284 pages. http://www.BTTSOnline.org www.Amazon.com http://www.bttsonline.org/product.aspx?pid=118 http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0881393533/ref=ase_medicinebuddh-20 and many other sources (see bibliography).

Primary Original Source: The tripitaka of sutra, shastra and vinaya dharma teachings (as found in the scripture storehouse of the indian sanskrit- siddham, chinese, tibetan and japanese traditions of the nalanda_tradition of ancient nalanda_university) of shakyamuni_buddha, and his arya sagely bodhisattva bhikshu monk and upasaka disciples.

These good_and_wise_advisors (kaliyanamitra) dharma_master teachers include arya venerables om_tare_tuttare_ture om_ah_hum and namo to jivaka, charaka, lao_zi - mahakashapa, ashwagosha, shantideva - hui_neng - shen_kai sheng_ren_shr, bodhidharma, the 16 nalanda_acharyas 1. nagarjuna-manjushri, 2. arydeva, 3. buddhapalita, 4. bhavaviveka, 5. chandrakirti and chandragomin, 6. shantideva, 7. shantarakshita, 8. kamalashila, 9. asanga-maitreya, 10. vasubhandu, 11. dignaga, 12. dharmakirti, 13. vimuktisena, 14. haribhadra, 15. gunaprabha, 16. shakyaprabha; dharmarakshita, atisha, tsong_khapa, thogme_zangpo, nyingma padmasambhava, yeshe_tsogyel, machig_lapdron, tilopa, naropa, milarepa, sakya_pandita, fazang, yunmen, nichiren, honen, shinran, kukai, dogen, hakuin, jamgon_kongtrul, nyingma penor_rinpoche, bakula_rinpoche, dagri_rinpoche, kirti_tsenshab_rinpoche, geshe_lama_kongchog, longchen_rapjampa - gosok_rinpoche, phabongkha_rinpoche, patrul_rinpoche, mingyur_rinpoche, geshe_ngwang_dakpa, geshe_sopa_rinpoche, garchen_rinpoche, karmapa, sakya_trizin, tenzin_gyatso the dalai_lama, hsu_yun, hsuan_hua, lama_zopa_rinpoche, choden_rinpoche, ajahn_chah, seung_sahn, thich_nhat_hanh, ajahn_sumedho, s._n._goenka, mama_ayur_punya_jyana_pushtim_kuriye_svaha, bowing at your feet I make requests. Please bestow on me the two_attainments of maha punya and maha prajna_paramita. And thanks to other modern_day_masters. We consider them to be in accord with tripitaka_master hsuan_hua’s ”seven_guidelines_for_recognizing_genuine_teachers

nalanda_online_university's teachings are based especially on the following buddhist_scriptures: lama tsong_khapa's lam_rim, the Dharma Flower lotus_sutra, the avatamsaka_sutra, the shurangama_sutra, the ksitigarbha_sutra, the bhaisajya_guru_sutra, the dharani_sutra, the vajra_sutra, the prajna_paramita Hridayam heart_sutra, the vimalakirti_sutra, the sanghata_sutra, the sutra_of_golden_light, the srimala_devi_sutra, the sutra_in_42_sections, the mahaparinirvana_sutra, the hui_neng_sutra, vasubandhu's shastra_on_the_door_to_understanding_the_hundred_dharmas, Maitreya's ornament_for_clear_realizations (abhisamayalamkara), chandrakirti's supplement_to_nagarjuna_s_treatise_on_the_middle_way (madhyamakavatara), vasubandhu's treasury_of_manifest_knowledge (abhidharmakosha) and the tantras and mantras of the vajrayana the 42_hands_and_eyes, guhyasamaja, the kalachakra, the vajrayogini, the heruka, the chakrasamvara, the chod, the hayagriva, the hevajra, the yamantaka, the kalarupa, the manjushri_nama_samgiti, the vajrakilaya, the vajrapani, the vajra_claws_dakini, the mahakala, the tara, the white_umbrella_goddess (she_dan_do_bo_da_la), kirti_losang_trinle's grounds_and_paths_of_secret_mantra, and aku_sherab_gyatso's the_two_stages_of_the_guhyasamaja_tantra and their commentaries (shastras) by the above Arya tripitakacharya dharma_masters.

Secondary fair_use Compilation Source: The seeker_s_glossary_of_buddhism, 2nd ed., San Francisco, California: Sutra Translation Committee of the United States and Canada, 1998: http://www.budaedu.org.tw

Secondary fair_use Compilation Source: Muller, Charles, editor, digital_dictionary_of_buddhism [DDB], Toyo Gakuen University, Japan, 2007: Username is “guest”, with no password. http://buddhism-dict.net/ddb - Based in large part on the dictionary_of_chinese_buddhist_terms with Sanskrit and English Equivalents (by soothill and Hodous) Delhi, India: motilal_banarsidass, 1997.

Secondary fair_use Compilation Source: Ehrhard, Diener, Fischer, et al, The shambhala_dictionary_of_buddhism_and_zen, Boston, Massachusetts: shambhala_publications, 1991. 296 pages. ISBN 978-0-87773-520-5 http://www.Shambhala.com, http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0877735204/ref=ase_medicinebuddh-20, http://www.shambhala.com/html/catalog/items/isbn/978-0-87773-520-5.cfm Secondary fair_use Compilation Source: vaidya vasant_lad, textbook_of_ayurveda, ayurvedic_press, 2002; vasant_lad, bams, masc, ayurvedic_institute_gurukula_notes, ayurvedic_institute, 1994-2006;


NOTE: Numerous corrections and enhancements have been made under shastra_tradition and ”fair_use“ by an anonymous buddhist_monk redactor (Compiler) of this Online buddhist_encyclopedia Compilation)



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