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Part of the List of dharma_terms from the buddhist_ayurveda Course (skt220 ) on sanskrit_terms of ayurveda and dharma


= Buddha =

Buddha

Who is the Buddha?

There are many ways to describe who the Buddha is, according to different ways of understanding. These various interpretations have their sources in the Buddha’s teachings (dharma).

One way is to see the historical_buddha who lived 2,500 years ago as a human being who cleansed his mind of all defilements and developed all his potential. Any being who does likewise is also considered a Buddha, for there are many buddhas, not just one.

Another way is to understand a particular Buddha or buddhist deity as omniscient mind manifesting in a certain physical aspect (nirmana_kaya) in order to communicate with us.

Yet another way is to see the Buddha – or any of the enlightened buddhist_deities – as the appearance of the future_buddha that we will become once we properly and completely have engaged in the path (marga) to cleanse our mind of defilements and develop all our potentials.

Fair Use Source: https://www.fpmt.org/faq/buddhism_faq.asp#bda


buddha

In the heavens above and the earth below there is no one like the buddha. No one in the worlds of the ten_directions equals him. I have seen everything in the world, and nothing compares with the buddha. (uw 27)

buddha means awakened or enlightened_one. It is a title which is applied to those who have reached perfect_enlightenment (anuttara_samyak_sambodhi) and who have perfect wisdom and universal compassion. The buddha of the present historical period is known as the buddha shakyamuni (see shakyamuni (buddha)*). There were also buddhas prior to his time ; there were and are buddhas in other world_systems (see_also world_system); and there will be buddhas in the future both in our world_system and in others.

In the present historical period “small_vehicle (lesser_vehicle) buddhism (see mahayana and hinayana compared*) only recognizes one buddha, shakyamuni, and does not acknowledge other buddhas in the world_systems of the other directions… Is it true that there are no other buddhas since they say that there are no others? No. If they recognize the other buddhas throughout the ten directions, then those buddhas exist, but if they do not recognize those buddhas, those buddhas nonetheless still exist. The buddhas of the ten directions are one with shakyamuni buddha, and so it is said, 'The buddhas of the ten_directions and the three periods of time share a single dharma body.'” (uw Ch40 25-26)

“Who is the buddha? The buddha is the greatly enlightened One. His great enlightenment is an awakening concerning all things, without a single bit of confusion. A true buddha is without karmic obstacles and has transcended emotional responses. living_beings, on the other hand, are attached to emotions and worldly love.” (as 2)

“You still don't know who the buddha is? I will tell you. You are the buddha. 'Then why don't I know it?' you ask. Your not knowing is just the buddha. But this is not to say that you have already become a buddha. You are as yet an unrealized buddha. You should understand that the buddha became a buddha from the level of being an ordinary person. living_beings have the ability to cultivate and become buddhas. A buddha is an enlightened One; therefore, when a human being becomes fully_enlightened, he's a buddha too.” (as 4-5)

“When someone heard it said that the buddha is living_beings and living beings are the buddha, he became really de_lighted. After that, he told everyone to call him 'buddha'. 'Don't call me by my name, just call me buddha, because living_beings are buddhas!' Then some people started calling him 'buddha', but because there were others who did not, he became irate and said, 'I told you to call me buddha. Why aren't you calling me buddha? I'm going to give you a hard time!' Then someone said to him, 'The buddha is kind. In his heart there is compassion for all living_beings; he doesn't get angry or afflicted. If you were a buddha , you would not have a temper or any afflictions. Because you still have a temper and afflictions, you still are an ordinary living being.'” (fas Ch7 33).

eight aspects of the path of buddhas*

In all world_systems the careers of all buddhas share the

following eight aspects:

1) Descending from the tushita_heaven 2) entering the womb 3) Emerging from the womb 4) Leaving the home-life 5) subduing mara 6) becoming a buddha 7) Turning the great wheel_of_dharma 8) entering nirvana.

shakyamuni buddha

_For three asankhyeya kalpas cultivated blessings and wisdom,_ _For a hundred kalpas perfected marks and characteristic]]s.

It took him that long in the past so that in this life he could 'at midnight see a bright star and awaken to the way'. If he hadn't cultivated before, he wouldn't have been able to do it .” (fas-pII]](1) 234-5)

1) chinese: fo , fo to , fo to ye ; 2) sanskrit: buddha, 3) pali: buddha; 4) Alternate translations: awakened One, fully_enlightened One.

see_also: enlightenment, bodhi, shakyamuni (buddha), ten_titles_of_a_buddha

btts_references: ly I 13, dfs VI 1124-5, 1131; TD 26-27; vs 141-142; dfs Ch2, 8,9; uw 25-26; fas Ch24 20-22ff, 58-60; fas-

PI 149-150, 155; fas Ch7 3-5, 14-15, 33-34; ss II]] 166-167; as 2-5.

Fair Use Source: ron_epstein, buddhism_a_to_z, 2003: pp. 31 - 32


Buddha (skt Buddha; tib སངས་རྒྱས་, sangye or sangye ; wyl sangs rgyas), usually refers to shakyamuni_buddha, the Indian prince Gautama Siddhartha, who reached enlightenment in the sixth century B.C., and who taught the spiritual path followed by millions all over Asia, known today as buddhism. Buddha, however, also has a much deeper meaning. It means anyone who has completely_awakened from ignorance and opened to his or her vast potential for wisdom. A Buddha is one who has brought a final end to suffering and frustration and discovered a lasting and deathless happiness and peace.

Etymology

The Tibetan term for Buddha, སངས་རྒྱས་, Sangyé, is explained as follows:

སངས་, Sang means ‘awakening’ from the sleep of ignorance, and ‘purifying’ the darkness of both emotional_obscurations and cognitive_obscurations.
རྒྱས་པ་_རྒྱས་, Gyé means ‘opening’, like a blossoming lotus flower, to all that is knowable, and ‘developing’ the wisdom_of_omniscience—the knowledge of the true nature of things, just as they are, and the knowledge of all things in their multiplicity.

The seventy_verses_on_taking_refuge says:

One who sleeps no more in ignorance,
And in whom genuine wisdom is brought forth,
Has truly awoken as an awakened buddha,
Just as one wakes from ordinary sleep.

As it says, ‘awakened’ means that ending the slumber of ignorance is like waking from sleep. And:

Their minds have opened to all that is knowable,
And they have overcome the tight seal of delusion,
So the awakened have blossomed like lotus flowers.

As it says, they are like ‘blossoming’ lotus petals in the sense that through their genuine wisdom they have overcome the tendency to ‘shut down’ through lack of knowledge, and their minds are open to all that can be known.

Kayas & Wisdoms

samantabhadra.jpg_thumb_the_dharmakaya Buddha samantabhadra Buddhas are spoken of in terms of the kayas and wisdoms.

Three Kayas

The three 'bodies' of a buddha. They relate not only to the truth in us, as three aspects of the true nature_of_mind, but to the truth in everything. Everything we perceive around us is nirmanakaya; its nature, light or energy is sambhogakaya; and its inherent truth, the dharmakaya.

Five Wisdoms

sogyal_rinpoche writes:

You can also think of the nature_of_mind like a mirror, with five different powers or 'wisdoms.' Its openness and vastness is the wisdom of all-encompassing space or_dharmadhatu, the womb of compassion. Its capacity to reflect in precise detail whatever comes before it is the mirror-like wisdom. Its fundamental lack of any bias toward any impression is the equalizing wisdom or_wisdom_of_equality. Its ability to distinguish clearly, without confusing in any way the various different phenomena that arise, is the wisdom of discernment. And its potential of having everything already accomplished, perfected, and spontaneously present is the all-accomplishing wisdom. <ref>the_tibetan_book_of_living_and_dying, p. 157</ref>

These five wisdoms may be condensed into two:

  • ‘the wisdom that knows the nature of all phenomena’ which comprises the wisdom of the dharmadhatu, mirror-like wisdom and the wisdom of equality; and
  • ‘the wisdom that knows the multiplicity of phenomena’ which comprises discriminating and all-accomplishing wisdom.

They can all be condensed into a single wisdom: the wisdom_of_omniscience.

Twelve Deeds

buddha12deeds.jpg_thumb_the_twelve_deeds of a Buddha]] Supreme nirmanakaya buddhas display the twelve_deeds:

  1. the descent from tushita, the Joyous pure land (dga' ldan gyi gnas nas 'pho ba),
  2. entering the mother’s womb (lhums su zhugs pa),
  3. taking birth<ref>In the case of Buddha Shakyamuni, this was in the lumbini garden.</ref> (sku bltams pa),
  4. becoming skilled in various arts (bzo yi gnas la mkhas pa),
  5. delighting in the company of royal consorts (btsun mo'i 'khor dgyes rol ba),
  6. developing renunciation and becoming ordained (rab tu byung ba),
  7. practicing austerities for six years (dka' ba spyad pa),
  8. proceeding to the foot of the bodhi_tree (byang chub snying por gshegs pa),
  9. overcoming mara’s hosts (bdud btul ba),
  10. becoming fully enlightened (mngon par rdzogs par sangs rgyas pa),
  11. turning the wheel of dharma (chos kyi 'khor lo bskor ba), and
  12. passing into mahaparinirvana <ref>In the case of Buddha Shakyamuni, this was in the city of kushinagara.</ref> (mya ngan las 'das pa)

Qualities

Eight Qualities of a Buddha

thumb|[[Maitreya, the future Buddha]] The qualities of a Buddha are immeasurable. Yet according to maitreya's uttaratantra_shastra, they can be condensed in eight qualities of the two-fold_benefit of self and others:

Benefit of self:
1) Self-arisen wisdom
2) Unconditioned body
3) Spontaneously perfect

Benefit of others:
4) Knowledge
5) Love
6) Power

And 7) the benefit of self and 8) the benefit of others.

How a Buddha teaches

When the teacher is a fully enlightened buddha, he teaches through his three types of miraculous ability. <ref>patrul_rinpoche, Preliminary Points To be Explained when Teaching the Buddha's Word or the Treatises, translated by Adam Pearcey.</ref>

Notes

<small><references/></small>

Further Reading

key_terms buddhas_and_deities three_jewels


buddhahood: The state which a Buddha has attained. The ultimate goal of Buddhist practice. The highest of the Ten Worlds. The word enlightenment is often used as synonymous with Buddhahood. Buddhahood is thought of as a state of perfect freedom, in which one is awakened to the eternal and ultimate_truth that is the reality_of_all_things. It is characterized by boundless wisdom and infinite compassion. The Lotus Sutra reveals that even this supreme state of Buddhahood inherently resides in the lives of all beings. Nichiren Daishonin writes in the “Kanjin no Honzon Sho,” “That common mortals born in the Latter Day of the Law can believe in the lotus_sutra is due to the fact that the world of Buddhahood is present in the world of Humanity.” See also: attainment_of_buddhahood. Source: Dictionary of Buddhist Terms and Concepts

Buddhahood: (Japanese. butsu) The highest of the Ten Worlds. This state is reached when one has the wisdom to realize the essence of his own life, that it breathes in perfect harmony with the rhythm of the universe and continues to exist from the infinite past to the eternal future. Buddhahood is an ideal condition that one experiences in the depths of his life as he continues to act with benevolence in everyday life. Buddhahood appears in daily life as the actions of a bodhisattva. See also: ten_worlds. Source: Unknown

Fair Use Source: http://www.sgi-usa.org/cgi-bin/lexicon.cgi?exact=on&term=Buddhahood


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fair_use: Primary fair_use Compilation Source: ron_epstein, Ph.D, compiler, buddhism_a_to_z, Burlingame, california, buddhist_text_translation_society, 2003, p. isbn_0881393533 Paperback: 284 pages. http://www.BTTSOnline.org www.Amazon.com http://www.bttsonline.org/product.aspx?pid=118 http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0881393533/ref=ase_medicinebuddh-20 and many other sources (see bibliography).

Primary Original Source: The tripitaka of sutra, shastra and vinaya dharma teachings (as found in the scripture storehouse of the indian sanskrit- siddham, chinese, tibetan and japanese traditions of the nalanda_tradition of ancient nalanda_university) of shakyamuni_buddha, and his arya sagely bodhisattva bhikshu monk and upasaka disciples.

These good_and_wise_advisors (kaliyanamitra) dharma_master teachers include arya venerables om_tare_tuttare_ture om_ah_hum and namo to jivaka, charaka, lao_zi - mahakashapa, ashwagosha, shantideva - hui_neng - shen_kai sheng_ren_shr, bodhidharma, the 16 nalanda_acharyas 1. nagarjuna-manjushri, 2. arydeva, 3. buddhapalita, 4. bhavaviveka, 5. chandrakirti and chandragomin, 6. shantideva, 7. shantarakshita, 8. kamalashila, 9. asanga-maitreya, 10. vasubhandu, 11. dignaga, 12. dharmakirti, 13. vimuktisena, 14. haribhadra, 15. gunaprabha, 16. shakyaprabha; dharmarakshita, atisha, tsong_khapa, thogme_zangpo, nyingma padmasambhava, yeshe_tsogyel, machig_lapdron, tilopa, naropa, milarepa, sakya_pandita, fazang, yunmen, nichiren, honen, shinran, kukai, dogen, hakuin, jamgon_kongtrul, nyingma penor_rinpoche, bakula_rinpoche, dagri_rinpoche, kirti_tsenshab_rinpoche, geshe_lama_kongchog, longchen_rapjampa - gosok_rinpoche, phabongkha_rinpoche, patrul_rinpoche, mingyur_rinpoche, geshe_ngwang_dakpa, geshe_sopa_rinpoche, garchen_rinpoche, karmapa, sakya_trizin, tenzin_gyatso the dalai_lama, hsu_yun, hsuan_hua, lama_zopa_rinpoche, choden_rinpoche, ajahn_chah, seung_sahn, thich_nhat_hanh, ajahn_sumedho, s._n._goenka, mama_ayur_punya_jyana_pushtim_kuriye_svaha, bowing at your feet I make requests. Please bestow on me the two_attainments of maha punya and maha prajna_paramita. And thanks to other modern_day_masters. We consider them to be in accord with tripitaka_master hsuan_hua’s “seven_guidelines_for_recognizing_genuine_teachers

nalanda_online_university's teachings are based especially on the following buddhist_scriptures: lama tsong_khapa's lam_rim, the Dharma Flower lotus_sutra, the avatamsaka_sutra, the shurangama_sutra, the ksitigarbha_sutra, the bhaisajya_guru_sutra, the dharani_sutra, the vajra_sutra, the prajna_paramita Hridayam heart_sutra, the vimalakirti_sutra, the sanghata_sutra, the sutra_of_golden_light, the srimala_devi_sutra, the sutra_in_42_sections, the mahaparinirvana_sutra, the hui_neng_sutra, vasubandhu's shastra_on_the_door_to_understanding_the_hundred_dharmas, Maitreya's ornament_for_clear_realizations (abhisamayalamkara), chandrakirti's supplement_to_nagarjuna_s_treatise_on_the_middle_way (madhyamakavatara), vasubandhu's treasury_of_manifest_knowledge (abhidharmakosha) and the tantras and mantras of the vajrayana the 42_hands_and_eyes, guhyasamaja, the kalachakra, the vajrayogini, the heruka, the chakrasamvara, the chod, the hayagriva, the hevajra, the yamantaka, the kalarupa, the manjushri_nama_samgiti, the vajrakilaya, the vajrapani, the vajra_claws_dakini, the mahakala, the tara, the white_umbrella_goddess (she_dan_do_bo_da_la), kirti_losang_trinle's grounds_and_paths_of_secret_mantra, and aku_sherab_gyatso's the_two_stages_of_the_guhyasamaja_tantra and their commentaries (shastras) by the above Arya tripitakacharya dharma_masters.

Secondary fair_use Compilation Source: The seeker_s_glossary_of_buddhism, 2nd ed., San Francisco, California: Sutra Translation Committee of the United States and Canada, 1998: http://www.budaedu.org.tw

Secondary fair_use Compilation Source: Muller, Charles, editor, digital_dictionary_of_buddhism [DDB], Toyo Gakuen University, Japan, 2007: Username is “guest”, with no password. http://buddhism-dict.net/ddb - Based in large part on the dictionary_of_chinese_buddhist_terms with Sanskrit and English Equivalents (by soothill and Hodous) Delhi, India: motilal_banarsidass, 1997.

Secondary fair_use Compilation Source: Ehrhard, Diener, Fischer, et al, The shambhala_dictionary_of_buddhism_and_zen, Boston, Massachusetts: shambhala_publications, 1991. 296 pages. ISBN 978-0-87773-520-5 http://www.Shambhala.com, http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0877735204/ref=ase_medicinebuddh-20, http://www.shambhala.com/html/catalog/items/isbn/978-0-87773-520-5.cfm Secondary fair_use Compilation Source: vaidya vasant_lad, textbook_of_ayurveda, ayurvedic_press, 2002; vasant_lad, bams, masc, ayurvedic_institute_gurukula_notes, ayurvedic_institute, 1994-2006;


NOTE: Numerous corrections and enhancements have been made under shastra_tradition and “fair_use” by an anonymous buddhist_monk redactor (Compiler) of this Online buddhist_encyclopedia Compilation)



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