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Part of the skt220 buddhist_ayurveda Course on sanskrit_terms of ayurveda and dharma


= Ananda =

ananda (venerable)

One of the ten great_disciples of the buddha shakyamuni.

ananda was the buddha's first cousin and his attendant. He also compiled and edited the sutras. His name means rejoicing, because he was born on the day the buddha realized buddhahood. His father also rejoiced and gave him that name. The entire country celebrated the buddha's enlightenment on that day. With his flawless memory, ananda was able to remember all the sutras the buddha spoke and was foremost among the buddha's disciples in erudition.” (dfs II, p. 124)

“The shurangama_sutra was spoken for ananda's sake, precisely because he didn't have sufficient samadhi-power. He had not done the work of meditation required to develop it. When others were sitting investigating dhyana, ananda would go read a book or write instead . . . . Put another way, ananda hadn't cultivated real_mark_prajna; he thought he could realize_buddhahood through literary_prajna alone. He thought that since he was the buddha_s_cousin, the buddha, who had realized buddhahood, would certainly help him realize_buddhahood too, and so it didn't really matter whether he cultivated or not. He ended up wasting a lot of time.

“One day, as the shurangama_sutra relates, ananda went out begging for food by himself. He took his bowl and went from house to house, and while alone on the road he encountered matangi_s_daughter (named prakruti . . . . ananda was particularly handsome, and when matangi_s_daughter saw him she was immediately attracted to him. But she didn't know how to snare him. And so she went back and told her mother, 'You absolutely must get ananda to marry me. If you don't, I'll die.'

“The mother, matangi, belonged to the religion of the kapilas, the 'tawny haired', and she cultivated that religion's mantras and dharma-devices, which were extremely effective. Since matangi truly loved her daughter, she used a mantra of her sect – it was a mantra formerly of the brahma_heaven – to confuse ananda. ananda didn't have any samadhi-power, and so he couldn't control himself. He followed the mantra and went to matangi's daughter's house, where he was on the verge of breaking the precepts.

“The five_precepts prohibit killing, stealing, sexual_misconduct, lying, and the taking_of_intoxicants (alcohol, recreational_drugs, cigarettes). ananda was about to break the precept against sexual_misconduct. The buddha knew about it as it was happening. realizing his cousin was in trouble, he quickly spoke the shurangama_mantra (shurangama_five_hearts_mantra) to break up the mantra formerly of the brahma_heaven of the kapila_religion. ananda's confusion had made him as if drunk or as if he had taken drugs – he was totally oblivious to everything. But when the buddha recited the shurangama_mantra, its power woke ananda up from his confusion, and there he was wondering how he had gotten himself into such a situation.

“He returned, knelt before the buddha, and cried out in distress. 'I have relied exclusively on erudition and have not perfected any strength in the way. I have no samadhi-power. Please tell me how the buddhas of the ten_directions have cultivated so that they were able to obtain samadhi-power.'

In reply the buddha spoke the shurangama_sutra.” (ss I, pp. 25-26)

The dharma_flower_sutra (lotus_sutra) records the buddha bestowing the prediction of future_buddhahood upon ananda:

At that time the buddha told ananda, 'You in a future age shall become a buddha by the name of king of self-control and penetrations with wisdom like the mountains_and_seas thus_come_one. one_worthy_of_offerings, one_of_proper_and_universal_knowledge, one_perfect_in_clarity_and_practice, well-gone_one, unsurpassed_one_who_understands_the_world, hero_who_subdues_and_tames, teacher_of_gods_and_humans, buddha, world-honored_one. You shall make offerings to sixty-two million buddhas, protecting and upholding their storehouses_of_dharma. After that you shall obtain anuttarasamyaksambodhi. You shall teach_and_transform twenty-thousand myriads of millions of ganges_sands of bodhisattvas, causing them to accomplish anuttarasamyaksambodhi. Your country (buddha_land) shall be called banner_of_victory_always_raised. That land will be pure, with lapis_lazuli for soil. The kalpa shall be called all_pervasive_wonderful_sound. Your lifespan as a buddha shall be countless thousands of myriads of millions of asankhyeyas of eons. Were someone to attempt to reckon it through countless thousands of myriads of millions of asankhyeyas of eons, they could not do so. The proper_dharma shall dwell in that world for twice that length of time. The dharma_image_age shall dwell twice the length of proper_dharma.

'ananda, the merit and virtue of the buddha king of self-control and penetrations with wisdom like the mountains_and_seas thus_come_one shall be praised by all the buddhas of the ten_directions equal in number to the sands of countless thousands of myriads of millions of ganges rivers.' (dfs VIII pp. 1500-1501)


1) chinese: a_nan ;

2) sanskrit: ananda;

3) pali: ananda

see_also: arhat

btts_references: fas-pI]] (door 7); as 91-92; ss I 24-26; dfs II 124; dfs VIII 1500-1510.


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fair_use: vaidya vasant_lad, textbook_of_ayurveda, ayurvedic_press, 2002; vasant_lad, bams, masc, ayurvedic_institute_gurukula_notes, ayurvedic_institute, 1994-2006; and ron_epstein, buddhism_a_to_z, Burlingame, california, buddhist_text_translation_society, 2003, p. and many other sources (see bibliography). Adapted from Fair Use Source: upasaka ron_epstein, buddhism_a_to_z, 1999: p. Primary Original Source: The tripitaka of sutra, shastra and vinaya dharma teachings (as found in the scripture storehouse of the indian sanskrit- siddham, chinese, tibetan and japanese traditions of the nalanda_tradition of ancient nalanda_university) of shakyamuni_buddha, and his arya sagely bodhisattva bhikshu monk and upasaka disciples.

These good_and_wise_advisors (kaliyanamitra) dharma_master teachers include arya venerables om_tare_tuttare_ture om_ah_hum and namo to jivaka, charaka, lao_zi - mahakashapa, ashwagosha, shantideva - hui_neng - shen_kai sheng_ren_shr, bodhidharma, the 16 nalanda_acharyas 1. nagarjuna-manjushri, 2. arydeva, 3. buddhapalita, 4. bhavaviveka, 5. chandrakirti and chandragomin, 6. shantideva, 7. shantarakshita, 8. kamalashila, 9. asanga-maitreya, 10. vasubhandu, 11. dignaga, 12. dharmakirti, 13. vimuktisena, 14. haribhadra, 15. gunaprabha, 16. shakyaprabha; dharmarakshita, atisha, tsong_khapa, thogme_zangpo, nyingma padmasambhava, yeshe_tsogyel, machig_lapdron, tilopa, naropa, milarepa, sakya_pandita, fazang, yunmen, nichiren, honen, shinran, kukai, dogen, hakuin, jamgon_kongtrul, nyingma penor_rinpoche, bakula_rinpoche, dagri_rinpoche, kirti_tsenshab_rinpoche, geshe_lama_kongchog, longchen_rapjampa - gosok_rinpoche, phabongkha_rinpoche, patrul_rinpoche, mingyur_rinpoche, geshe_ngwang_dakpa, geshe_sopa_rinpoche, garchen_rinpoche, karmapa, sakya_trizin, tenzin_gyatso the dalai_lama, hsu_yun, hsuan_hua, lama_zopa_rinpoche, choden_rinpoche, ajahn_chah, seung_sahn, thich_nhat_hanh, ajahn_sumedho, s._n._goenka mama_ayur_punya_jyana_pushtim_kuriye_svaha, bowing at your feet I make requests. Please bestow on me the two_attainments of maha punya and maha prajna_paramita. And thanks to other modern_day_masters. We consider them to be in accord with tripitaka_master hsuan_hua’s ”seven_guidelines_for_recognizing_genuine_teachers

nalanda_online_university's teachings are based especially on the lam_rim, the Dharma Flower lotus_sutra, the avatamsaka_sutra, the shurangama_sutra, the ksitigarbha_sutra, the bhaisajya_guru_sutra, the dharani_sutra, the vajra_sutra, the prajna_paramita Hridayam heart_sutra, and the tantras and mantras of the vajrayana guhyasamaja, the kalachakra, the vajrayogini, the heruka, the chakrasamvara, the chod, the hayagriva, the hevajra, the yamantaka, the kalarupa, the vajrapani, the vajra_claws, the mahakala, the tara, the white_umbrella_goddess (she_dan_do_bo_da_la and their commentaries (shastras) by the above Arya tripitakacharya dharma_masters.


NOTE: Numerous corrections and enhancements have been made under shastra_tradition and ”fair_use” by an anonymous buddhist_monk redactor (Compiler) of this Online buddhist_encyclopedia Compilation)



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